Wine Storage and Wine Cooler Temperature For Different Wines

huge wine display

The temperature in a wine fridge for storing wine should be set between 45 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit, depending on the type of wine.

In this article, we’ll explain why various types wines have different optimal temperatures necessary for showcasing their best flavors and aromas.

Additionally, we will investigate the significant role that top rated wine refrigerators play in achieving this objective.

What are the Ideal Temperatures for a Single-Zone and Dual-Zone Wine Cooler?

White wines should be stored at a temperature ranging from 45°F (7°C) to 50°F (11°C), whereas  red wines are best kept at a slightly higher temperature, typically between 50°F (11°C) and 65°F (18°C).

Sparkling wines and most dessert wines should be stored at the coldest possible temperature, typically around 45°F (7°C).

It is advisable to invest in a dual-zone wine fridge to utilize both compartments—one for aging and the second for preparing your wine for consumption.

  • If you have a single-zone wine cooler, find the average temperature and choose a setting on the lower side for safety. I consistently set the temperature on my single-zone wine coolers at 50°F (11°C). This way, most white wines are ready to drink, and red wines can stay at room temperature for a while, getting ready for consumption. It’s better to be safe than sorry, right?
  • The same principle applies to my dual-zone wine fridges. I maintain the lower zone at an average range of 60°F (16°C) and the upper zone at 50°F (11°C). This allows me to store red wines intended for aging in the upper zone alongside the whites (you’ll find out why soon), while red wines for immediate consumption go in the lower zone.

It’s important to note that the optimal temperature for long-term storage in a wine fridge should be maintained at a lower range than the serving temperature. This helps slow down the aging process of the wine.(2)

What is the Ideal Wine Fridge Temperature for Storing Red Wine?

At some point in our lives, we have all heard that red wine should be served at room temperature and that white wine should be refrigerated.

But, the room temperature in today’s homes is far warmer than it used to be centuries ago, or even in the 20s of the 20th century.

Homes in medieval France, for example, were much colder than what we are accustomed to today, and this difference in temperature also affected the way of serving wine. Both red and white wines were served at temperatures entirely different from those in modern times.(1)

To prevent deterioration, maintain quality, and avoid oxidation of red wine, it’s crucial to consistently keep the temperature in your wine fridge within the range of 50-65°F..

What is the Lowest Temperature for a Wine Cooler?

Depending on the type and model of the wine fridge, the answer may change.

Most wine fridges provide a temperature range of 40°F (4°C) to 65°F (18°C). However, it’s important to note that 40°F (4°C) is excessively cold, even for sparkling and white wines.

To suit the particular wine varieties you have in your collection, you can adjust the temperature anywhere within the range of 45 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit, depending on the type of wine.

Rules to Follow When Storing Wines

Besides keeping the ideal temperature, there are some other things to be very strict about when planning to give your wine collection some maturity:

  • Humidity

The humidity of your wine storage is another factor to be taken into consideration when aging wine. In order to preserve the wine from oxidizing the ideal humidity should be around 60-70%.

Some wine fridges come equipped with humidity control features. If your fridge doesn’t have this feature, you can maintain proper humidity levels by placing a cup of water in smaller areas or a bucket in larger areas to ensure the safe storage of your wine.

  • Light Exposure

Red wine should be stored in dark rooms to protect it from the harmful effects of light. Long-term light exposure can lead to the loss of the wine’s flavors, aroma, and color. Light red wine in general is more affected than heavier red wine, due to its pale color, which could easily fade.

A wine fridge is usually produced with Uv protection glass.

  • Position of the Wine Bottles

Last but not least, bottles of wine should be laid horizontally, in order to keep the cork moisturized and prevent air from getting inside them.

Eventually, if aging a wine takes too long, recorking it is a must. There are many studies debating when it should be done, but according to most wine experts, 20 years is the optimal age for changing the cork of the wine.

Conclusion:

Maintaining the ideal temperature for your red wine collection is crucial for preserving the wine’s quality and enhancing its flavor and aroma.

A wine cellar or wine cooler can help you achieve this by providing a controlled environment that prevents temperature fluctuations and exposure to light and humidity.

It is important to keep in mind the body and the flavor profile of the bottle of wine you are storing, in order to set your wine refrigerator properly.

The name of the game is keeping things consistent, without letting it go too low or too high. Now you can store your wine as a real connoisseur.

Stan Kushkin

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